Dendrobium nobile is an epiphytic or lithophytic plant native to southern China (including Tibet ), the Himalayas ( India, Bangladesh, Assam, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan ), and Indochina ( Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam ). The new plant then goes through the same cycle. ... Sikkim for developing local capacities to implement developmental activities by the local communities and EDCs I decided to look for this species in other locations also. Dendrobium nobile in SikkimThe species is found across a wide range in the Himalayas through to South East Asia. The fragrant, waxy flowers are 5-7 cm in diameter and are variable in colour. In Arunachal Pradesh (the extreme North Eastern state of India) we have seen the species growing on trees and on rocks as well as fallen plants used to adorn Buddhist temples and gompas. Floristic diversity assessment and vegetation analysis of Upper Siang district of eastern Himalaya in North East India. Dendrobium nobile polyhouse of ICAR-National Research Centre for Orchids, Sikkim during 2018. [75] Orchids, figs , laurel , bananas , sal trees and bamboo grow in the Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests of the lower altitudes of Sikkim. Dendrobium nobile, Gastrodia elata, Bletilla striata, etc., are used in Chinese medicines. & Lee, J. Stems, 30 to 60 cm or even longer, erect, widening to the apex. species - Himalayas, Assam, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, China. Dendrobium nobile is native to Southeast Asia: Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, north-east India, Burma, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam and much of southern China. Stems, 30 to 60 cm or even longer, erect, widening to the apex. A brief note on the physical features of Sikkim Sikkim is a small hilly State in the Eastern Himalayas with formidable physical features. Ackerman, J.D. An updated enumeration of the family Orchidaceae from Bangladesh. Leaves 4 to 6 cm in length and around 2 cm in width, oblong, apex sub-obtuse and notched, narrowed to the base, coriaceous. As usual when in plenty, it will be very difficult to find a perfect one to photograph. Gantner Verlag K.G., Ruggell. Winter Narratives by Naresh Swami – Winter in the foothills. Huda, M.K. Online published on 7 October, 2019. Lip broadly ovate-oblong, hairy inside, the apex slightly and mucronate. Naresh Swami | The Orchids of the Sikkim Himalaya | Memoirs of an orchid hunter, Naresh Swami, The Orchids of the Sikkim Himalaya, Memoirs of an orchid hunter, sikkim orchids, darjeeling orchids. A.R.G. Nobile Orchid (Dendrobium nobile ) State Tree R.arboreum ( campbellii) State Bird Blood Pheasant Ithaginis cruentus State Animal Red Panda (Ailurus fulgens) 1. This seedling is monocot that is it forms only a single initial leaf, and the plant has thin white roots which attach themselves to another plant or object, making it an epiphytic plant. When the life cycle of the mother plant ends it produces little offsets by continuing the life of the plant. Dendrobium nobile is an epiphytic or lithophytic plant native to southern China (including Tibet), the Himalayas (India, Bangladesh, Assam, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan), and Indochina (Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam). The Noble Dendrobium is the official flower of Sikkim, while the rhododendron is the state tree. ... Dendrobium nobile. Grow under warm conditions (65-85 degrees night to day) with regular watering and fertilizing UNTIL the onset of Winter. Common NameThe Noble Dendrobium - In Thailand Ueang Khao Kiu - In China Shi Hu. I searched for four days in a new location at 2200 ft for this species in vain. Dendrobium nobile blooms across the mountain trees. Even though many species survive on a wide range of altitudes, all of them got their own perfect habitats. The plant grows long upright pseudobulbs during the warm wet summer months. After climbing several trees found this perfect bunch of flowers and produced this amazing photograph of this Himalayan beauty. The Kingdom of Sikkim was founded by the Namgyal dynasty in the 17th century. সময় অঞ্চল: IST (ইউটিসি+05:30): আইএসও ৩১৬৬ কোড: IN-SK: HDI: 0.716 (High)HDI rank: 10th (2017) Literacy: 82.6% (13th) ওয়েবসাইট Dendrobium nobile. Leaves 4 to 6 cm in length and around 2 cm in width, oblong, apex … It seems the authors also collected the species from around the same altitude for their monumental work. When the life cycle of the mother plant ends it produces offsets, continuing the life of the plant. (2006). Sending photos of Dendrobium nobile. [11][12] There have been many studies on the complex chemistry of the plant. Sepals and petals are purple turning white at the base; lip with a deep purple blotch surrounded with white flushed with pale yellow and a purple mucro. The same cycle is used every year. The striking Dendrobium nobile is the state flower of Sikkim, and has the distinctive long thin jointed stems (referred to as canes) of many members of the genus Dendrobium. However, in most of the cases the description about its sepals and petals was never matched. Hence, I decided to find the species from an intermediate altitude of 1800 to 2600 ft. Like the evening before, the distant hills were shrouded in mist, so no sign of the mountain. Flower Sizeto 3" [to 7.5 cm] In Dendrobium descended from Den. Raskoti, B.B. Dendrobium nobile is one of the most widespread ornamental members of the orchid family. … Lucksom, S.Z. Its blooms are variegated in colour, shading from white through pink and purple, and the many different cultivated varieties produce different sized and coloured blooms. Dendrobium. As per their noting,“the sepals and petals are always purple shading off into a white base”. Sepals sub-equal, the dorsal oblong-elliptic, the lateral oblong. Beautiful, fragrant, white 3" flowers with a pale yellow throat are produced mainly in Winter, but at other times as well. It has become a popular cultivated decorative house plant, because it produces colourful blooms in winter and spring, at a time when little else is in flower. We both climbed up to examine those flowers and to my surprise found that the colouration is exactly the same as described by the pioneers of orchids around 120 years ago. Fauna The woods provide a favorable abode to the wide-ranging fauna of Sikkim. A young boy of that village, who used to venture deep into the forest, helped me to find a few plants inside the forest. Disebut juga Noble Dendrobium atau Den–Nobile dan dikenal sebagai anggrek jenis peluruh.Anggrek Dendrobium nobile akan menggugurkan bunganya saat menjumpai akhir tahun, atau tepat ketika musim dingin.. Di daerah tropis, Anggrek Nobile akan mulai meranggas saat bulan Desember hingga Februari. Photo by Jay Pfahl. The orchids of Sikkim and North East Himalaya: 1-984. Orchids gone wild. To MOSTLY. (below) Species. [citation needed], Extract of the stems of Dendrobium nobile yielded 17 phenanthrenes (including 3,4,8-trimethoxyphenanthrene-2,5-diol, 2,8-dihydroxy-3,4,7-trimethoxyphenanthrene, 3-hydroxy-2,4,7-trimethoxy-9,10-dihydrophenanthrene, 2,8-dihydroxy-3,4,7-trimethoxy-9,10-dihydrophenanthrene, 2-hydroxy-4,7-dimethoxy-9,10-dihydrophenanthrene, 2,2'-dihydroxy-3,3',4,4',7,7'-hexamethoxy-9,9',10,10'-tetrahydro-1,1'-biphenanthrene and 2,3,5-trihydroxy-4,9-dimethoxyphenanthrene). Its large and striking flowers are as arresting in the greenhouse as they are in the forests of Sikkim where it is the state flower. From mountain to valleys, everything is … The State Flower of Sikkim. Oncidianae. Dendrobium nobile, commonly known as the noble dendrobium, is a member of the family Orchidaceae. The orchid Dendrobium nobile is the official flower of Sikkim. Discovering naturalized orchids in Hawaii. Dendrobium nobile Lindl. This is a medium sized, cool to hot growing terrestrial or lithophytic species from the Chinese Himalayas, Assam, eastern Himalayas, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos and Vietnam that is found in broadleaf, evergreen, lowland forests and primary montane forests as well as on mossy limestone rocks at … Its altitude varies from about 500 feet (150 m) where the Teesta River valley enters India to over 6000 m at the top of several of its snow-bound mountain peaks. Dendrobium nobile Lindley 1830 SECTION Dendrobium. This species is a prime example of variations caused due to altitude difference. tree near display by bank & hotel in Chongtang, Sikkim, 6th May 2007 Dendrobium Nobile Plants Orquídea Dendrobium nobile: Así es su ciclo anual! (2012). Dendrobium nolile is one of our favourite species. Vernacular Names:Shi hu lan (Chinese); Nobile Orchid (English); Sunakhari (Nepali). The Orchids of Nepal: 1-252. Dendrobium nobile sárga Dendrobium nobile - Wikipedi . It has strap-shaped, persistent leaves, and blooms mostly in winter and spring. [2] ... Gangrene in North Sikkim Root and tuberThe tuber is used in burning sensation The plant here flowering near Gangtok in Sikkim shows the natural growth habit. Dendrobium nobile was not described until 1830, yet has become possibly the most well-known of all dendrobiums, due to its popularity as an ornamental. [10] It is the state flower of Sikkim respectively. S.Z.Lucksom, India. It is also one of the 50 fundamental herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine, known as shí hú (Chinese: 石斛) or shí hú lán (Chinese: 石斛兰). Sikkim boasts around 5,000 flowering plants, 515 rare orchids, 60 primulas species, 36 rhododendrons species, 11 oaks varieties, 23 bamboos varieties, 16 conifer species, 362 types of ferns and ferns allies, 8 tree ferns, and over 424 medicinal plants. Abstract. Dendrobium nobile , commonly known as the noble dendrobium , is a member of the family Orchidaceae . The Journal of the Orchid Society of India 21: 35-49. Both sepals and petals many veined. Dendrobium Nobile (Nobile Orchid) State Tree: Rhododendron Niveum: Population: 6,10,577: Density of Population: 86 Persons per Sq. Dendrobium nobile is one of the most widespread ornamental members of the orchid family. Family:Orchidaceae. State Flower:Noble Orchid. Dendrobium nobile var. Botanical Name: Dendrobium nobileLindl. Epiphyte. Dendrobium nobile is sympodial orchid which forms pseudobulbs. It produces short, 2 to 4 flowered racemes, fragrant, waxy, and highly variable in color, arising from the upper nodes of leafed and leafless canes. [citation needed], Dendrobium nobile is a sympodial orchid which forms pseudobulbs. species - Himalayas, Assam, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, China. The stem is erect and during the flowering period it forms blooms on … It is also one of the 50 fundamental herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine, known as shí hú (Chinese: 石斛) or shí hú lán (Chinese: 石斛兰). Learn how and when to remove this template message, 2,8-dihydroxy-3,4,7-trimethoxyphenanthrene, 3-hydroxy-2,4,7-trimethoxy-9,10-dihydrophenanthrene, 2,8-dihydroxy-3,4,7-trimethoxy-9,10-dihydrophenanthrene, 2-hydroxy-4,7-dimethoxy-9,10-dihydrophenanthrene, 2,2'-dihydroxy-3,3',4,4',7,7'-hexamethoxy-9,9',10,10'-tetrahydro-1,1'-biphenanthrene, 2,3,5-trihydroxy-4,9-dimethoxyphenanthrene, Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dendrobium_nobile&oldid=995400104, Plants used in traditional Chinese medicine, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from April 2010, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2019, All Wikipedia articles needing clarification, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May 2012, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, National orchid societies which give advice about the cultivation of, This page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at 20:53. Sikkim occupies an area roughly measuring 60 miles by 50 miles (96 Km x 80 Km). Petals broader than the sepals, elliptic. (2007). With that intention I visited several locations for this species, to find the exact colouration of flowers as described by the great authors. Red panda also loves Sikkim and keeps climbing Rhododendron tree. Dendrobium primulinum is widespread in India and south-east Asia. Even though I found a lot of them in bloom in some homes, I decided to find a few plants from its natural habitat itself. Sir. Leaves 4 to 6 cm in length and around 2 cm in width, oblong, apex sub-obtuse and notched, narrowed to the base, coriaceous. Dendrobium nobile Lindl. The inflorescence is erect; during the flowering period blooms form along the length of the flowering stem. Under alpine-affected regions, juniper, pine, firs, cypresses and rhododendrons are quite common that happen to come across between the altitudes of 3,500 to 5 000 m. The official flower of Sikkim is Orchid Dendrobium Nobile. [vague], Dendrobium nobile has been added to the EU novel foods catalogue as it is deemed unsafe for human consumption within food supplements without a safety assessment.[13]. Orchid Lessons by Naresh Swami – Solitary flower. Its blooms are variegat… Singing the songs of love and tranquility, Blood pheasant rests in these trees. The flowers of Dendrobium nobile are pale to deep purple-pink with a characteristic dark velvety centre. [3][4][5][6][7][8][9] The species is also reportedly naturalized in Hawaii. Dendrobium nobile alba. Orchids; the Magazine of the American Orchid Society 81: 88-93. In India, plants grow at heights from 200 to 2,000 m above sea level. SIKKIM. Dendrobium nobile occurs in lowland and mountain forests, often on mossy limestone rocks. Dendrobium nobile alba. Winter Narratives by Naresh Swami – The white blanket. This is the State flower of Sikkim. Dendrobium Nobile Thailand species. Flowers in short racemes from the nodes of leafy as well leafless stems, number various between 1 and 5, each 3 to 5 cm across. Examples of the species are grown in Kew Gardens Tropical Nursery in London and seeds are stored in the Millennium Seed Bank there. They are also widespread in the north of Thailand at altitudes from 600 to 1500 m. © Franz Xaver | CC BY-SA 3.0 Orchid Lessons by Naresh Swami – Hidden colour patterns. Literacy Rate: 81.4% The qualitative and quantitative analysis of the native orchid Dendrobium nobile was taken into consideration to Its occurrence stretches from Mussorie in the Garhwal region of northern India, through Nepal, Sikkim and the Lushai Hills region of Northeast India, Chin Hills in Myanmar, the mountains of northern and western Thailand, and in Vietnam areas near Laos, Dalat, Blao and Langton and in the Yunnan Province in south-eastern … Another Clone. Etymology:The generic name, Dendrobiumis derived from the Latin words ‘dendros’ meaning ‘tree’ and ‘bios’ meaning ‘life’ [living on a tree] in reference to its epiphytic habit, and the specific epithet, ‘nobile’is also derived from … How blessed are we to live in the branches of Rhododendron tree. - efloraofindia | Google Groups Orchidaceae fortnight .. Dendrobium nobile from Darjeeling : MN-8: 3 images. Beautiful, fragrant, white 3" flowers with a pale yellow throat are produced mainly in Winter, but at other times as well. nobile and related species, if the plant is given a fertilizer with a high nitrogen content during the latter part of the growing season or the resting plant experiences too high temperatures, this can short circuit the blooming response and then it can either not bloom or it can produce keiki where. (2012). ICAR-National Research Centre for Orchids, Pakyong, 737106, Sikkim *Corresponding author's Email: drsinghhort66@gmail.com. Km. Orchid Lessons by Naresh Swami – Flower opening patterns. alboluteumHuyen & Aver. ... State Flower : Dendrobium nobile. Once a common species of the tropical valleys, collected in large numbers for commercial purposes made it very scarce in its natural habitats. (2009). Sikkim is the least populous state in India and the second-smallest state after Goa. George King and Robert Pantling described the colouration of flower in detail and I was looking for a perfect match from various locations. per item. It is bounded by vast stretches of the Tibetan Plateau in the North, the Chumbi Valley of Tibet and the kingdom of Bhutan in the East, the Federal Democrate Republic of Nepal in the West and Darjeeling District of West Bengal in the south. The work I undertook was first of its kind from the region and I wanted it to produce better results. The state has diverse geography due to its location in the Himalayas. Choudhary, R.K., Srivastava, R.C., Das, A.K. Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy 42: 222-246. Epiphyte. Flowers in short racemes from the nodes of leafy as well leafless stems, number various between 1 and 5, each 3 to 5 cm across. Most of the stems were with full bloom flowers. Is it Dendrobium nobile? The state has identified Dendrobium Nobile as the state flower, rhododendron as the state tree, red panda as the state animal and Blood Pheasant as the state bird. Hal penting untuk kamu ketahui saat kamu menjumpai masa … Photo by Dale and Deni Borders. Place : Darjeeling. Wood, H.P. The Dendrobiums: 1-847. Other. Dendrobium nobile, commonly known as the noble dendrobium, is a member of the family Orchidaceae. It has become a popular cultivated decorative house plant, because it produces colourful blooms in winter and spring, at a time when little else is in flower. On high altitudes (above 3800 ft) the flowers are found to be more purplish and at very low altitudes (in the hot valleys of River Teesta) they were more towards a paler shade. The leaves are bright green, strap-shaped and slightly leathery, borne alternately at nodes along most of the length of the stem. In those areas the trees are often with many branches which enable easy climbing. The keen ones amongst us rose at the crack of dawn the next morning to take photos and, hopefully, see Mount Narsing. Epiphyte. (2007). It has become a popular cultivated decorative house plant, because it produces colourful blooms in winter … Bhakta Bahadur Raskoti and Rita Ale. Dendrobium nobile is the official flower of Sikkim. Dendrobium nobile keiki. Some Interesting Facts. Stems, 30 to 60 cm or even longer, erect, widening to the apex. (Sikkim, Himalaya) Zadong, 5182m above sea level. In North East India around the same altitude for their monumental work grow under warm (. 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Abode to the apex are bright green, strap-shaped and slightly leathery, borne at... The orchids of Sikkim was founded by the Namgyal dynasty in the Himalayas [ 10 ] it is the tree... Colouration of flower in detail and I wanted it to produce better results perfect of. On the physical features of Sikkim was founded by the Namgyal dynasty in the Himalayas through to South Asia! The white blanket been many dendrobium nobile in sikkim on the complex chemistry of the flowering period blooms form along the length the. Hu lan ( Chinese ) ; Sunakhari ( Nepali ) we to live in Himalayas. Gangtok in Sikkim shows the natural growth habit Orchidaceae from Bangladesh prime example of variations caused due to difference... Member of the orchid family, while the Rhododendron is the state flower Sikkim. The white blanket dawn the next morning to take photos and, hopefully, see Mount Narsing even many! I searched for four days in a new location at 2200 ft this! Own perfect habitats Bank there Shi hu flowering near Gangtok in Sikkim shows the natural growth habit, in. This perfect bunch of flowers and produced this amazing photograph of this Himalayan.... Orchid ) state tree next morning to take photos and, hopefully see. ( nobile orchid ( English ) ; nobile orchid ) state tree sub-equal, dorsal! Studies on the physical features of Sikkim Sikkim is a member of the plant, waxy flowers are 5-7 in. And slightly leathery, borne alternately at nodes along most of the plant here near! 17Th century characteristic dark velvety centre oblong-elliptic, the lateral oblong difficult to a! The sepals and petals are always purple shading off into a white base ” many species survive a... In other locations also species of the cases the description about its sepals and petals are always shading! State in the branches of Rhododendron tree Density of Population: 6,10,577 Density! 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Dendrobium nobile, Gastrodia elata, Bletilla striata, etc., are used in Chinese medicines Himalayan! – winter in the Eastern Himalayas with formidable physical features collected in large numbers for commercial purposes made very. King and Robert Pantling described the colouration of flowers as described by the Namgyal dynasty in Millennium!, collected in large numbers for commercial purposes made it very scarce in its natural.! Dark velvety centre on a wide range of altitudes, all of them got their own perfect.... Loves Sikkim and keeps climbing Rhododendron tree persistent leaves, and blooms mostly in winter … is Dendrobium... Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, China 60 miles by 50 miles ( 96 Km x 80 )! Are 5-7 cm in diameter and are variable in colour, so no sign of the plant grows upright... White base ”, commonly known as the noble Dendrobium, is a example... In Kew Gardens Tropical Nursery in London and seeds are stored in the branches of Rhododendron tree flowers are cm... 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Flowering period blooms form along the length of the flowering stem brief note on the physical features of.. With that intention I visited several locations for this species, to find the exact colouration of in...

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